The Somali government has declared a national emergency over a locust upsurge which is spreading in the East Africa region.
The Somali Minister of Agriculture and Irrigation Said Hussein Iid said the desert locust poses a “major threat” to the country’s already fragile food security situation.
The first wave of locust swarms in Somalia last December destroyed about 100,000 hectares of farmland and pastures in Somalia, says Iid. He warns that an upcoming second wave will be even more destructive
The “Agriculture Ministry of the Federal Republic of Somalia declares state of emergency over locust invasion in Somalia, particularly southern regions,” state-run broadcaster Somali National Television (SNTV) said on its official Twitter account.
Somalia is currently facing humanitarian needs never witnessed before following a COVID-19 outbreak, floods and locusts.
The UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) had warned that its entire fleet of anti-locust aircraft in Kenya and Somalia could be grounded due to a funding shortfall of $38 million.
The intensity of the East African desert locust outbreak has also been blamed on climate change with a focus on Cyclone Gati in the Indian Ocean, which made landfall on the Somali coast, the FAO said.
In a statement, it warned that “rains and winds are two of the most favorable conditions for desert locusts to multiply rapidly and spread to areas where they had been under control.”
Dominique Burgeon, the FAO’s Director of Emergencies and Resilience, told reporters that the huge desert locust swarms in 2020, some as wide as 60 kilometers, had not been seen in decades, threatening food security in a region where many were already going hungry, and the 2021 swarms have been said to be deadlier.
Fifteen out of 47 counties in neighboring Kenya have been hit by a second and deadlier wave of locusts that came in through Ethiopia and Somalia.
The Kenyan government announced that most of the new swarms came in through southern Somalia.
Just like in Somalia, the counties hit by the deadly swarms have arid and semi-arid lands where most people are nomadic pastoralists who rely on livestock for a living.
News/Image: Anadolu Agency/ NewsAgencies